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What is violence?

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Definitions and Terms: VAWA Amendments to the Clery Act

Sexual Assault: An offense that meets the definition of rape, fondling, incest, or statutory rape as used by the FBI's UCR program.

 

Sexual Offenses: Any sexual act directed against another person, without consent of the victim, including instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent.

  • Rape: The penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim.
  • Fondling: The touching of the private body parts of another person for the purpose of sexual gratification, without the consent of the victim, including instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her age or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental incapacity.
  • Incest: Sexual intercourse between persons who are related to each other within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law.
  • Statutory Rape: Sexual intercourse with a person who is under the statutory age of consent.

 

Domestic Violence: A felony or misdemeanor crime of violence committed

  • By a current or former spouse of intimate partner of the victim
  • By a person with whom the victim shares a child in common
  • By a person who is cohabitating with, or has cohabitated with, the victim as a spouse or intimate partner
  • By a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction in which the crime of violence occurred.
  • By any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction in which the crime of violence occurred.

 

Dating violence: Violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature  with the victim

  • The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on the reporting party's statement and with the consideration of the length of the relationship, the type of relationship, and the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.
  • For the purpose of this definition, dating violence includes, but is not limited to, sexual or physical abuse or the threat of such abuse.
  • Dating violence does not include acts covered under the definition of domestic violence
  • Any incident meeting this definition is considered a crime for the purposes of Clery Act reporting.

 

Stalking: Engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to

  • Fear for the person's safety or the safety of others; or
  • Suffer substantial emotional distress

     For the purpose of this definition:

  • Course of conduct means two or more acts, including, but not limited to, acts in which the stalker directly, indirectly, or through third parties, by any action, method, device, or means, follows, monitors, observes, surveils, threatens, or communicates to or about a person, or interferes with a person's property.
  • Reasonable person means a reasonable person under similar circumstances and with similar identities to the victim.
  • Substantial emotional distress means significant mental suffering or anguish that may, but does not necessarily, require medical or other professional treatment or counseling.
  • Any incident meeting this definition is considered a crime for the purposes of Clery Act reporting.

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